Read On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers by Friedrich Schleiermacher Free Online
Book Title: On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers|
The author of the book: Friedrich Schleiermacher
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 940 KB
Edition: Cambridge University Press
Date of issue: April 18th 1996
ISBN 13: 9780521479752
Read full description of the books On Religion: Speeches to Its Cultured Despisers:The Ur-text for much modern theology, these 1799 essays attempt to promote the idea of religion to an elite audience versed in the very latest transcendental philosophy. Religion isn't what they thought it was, it turns out to a intuitive sensibility for the relation of the finite to the infinite cosmos, and as such may be manifest throughout culture and in different religions. FS is happiest when describing non-historical idealised religious communities, less successful in connecting these ideas with actual-existing "positive religions", which seem to be incurably corrupted yet nevertheless objects of his recommendation. It's obscure how notions of *authority* can fit in his model, if true religion is a simple intuition by a pure heart - if there is to be any worldly church or community at all, then it should be a form of Quakerism or something like Tolstoyism, nothing like the conventional state-sanctioned faith. Underlying all this are unexamined prejudices whereby non-christians are merely superstitious and barely worth notice, and the Jews and Catholics not much better (though of course they can all be converted to the light of true Protestantism). Deism is criticised for being thin gruel compared to the positive religion it despises, yet his own conception (which was explicitly distinguished from any metaphysics or morality) would be equally lacking. There is a switch going on here: "religion" is being used both in a newly-invented sense, and also passed off as meaning the traditional entity, whose prestige is to be transfered to it. It's the game that Giles Fraser and modern liberal Anglican cohorts play as well, and it started here, with a bunch of other ideas that appear in Hegel and Kierkegaard.
Read information about the authorFriedrich Daniel Ernst Schleiermacher was a German theologian and philosopher known for his impressive attempt to reconcile the criticisms of the Enlightenment with traditional Protestant orthodoxy. He also became influential in the evolution of Higher Criticism. His work also forms part of the foundation of the modern field of hermeneutics. Because of his profound impact on subsequent Christian thought, he is often called the "Father of Modern Protestant Theology."
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