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Book Title: Penn|
The author of the book: Elizabeth Gray Vining
Format files: PDF
The size of the: 579 KB
Edition: Viking Children's Books
Date of issue: January 1st 1938
ISBN 13: 9780670546428
Read full description of the books Penn:I knew very little about William Penn before reading this book. From the descriptions in this book, he was an impressive and upstanding individual. The amount of times he was in and out of the Tower of London is impressive in itself! This is a very well written, well researched biography.
On Penn’s Frame of Government for Pennsylvania: “When it was finished, Algernon Sidney complained that Penn had kept too much power to himself, and John Locke objected that he had given entirely too much power to the people. It is interesting to remember that although john Locke’s rigid, aristocratic constitution for Carolina broke down under the first strain, Penn’s flexible, democratic Frame of Government for Pennsylvania survived to be the model for most of the state constitutions and for the constitution of the United States.”
Penn’s own words: “As governments are made and moved by men, so by them they are ruined too. Wherefore governments rather depend upon men than men upon governments. Let men be good, and the government cannot be bad. If it be ill, they will cure it. But if men be bad, let the government be ever so good, they will endeavor to warp and spoil it to their turn.”
“From its very beginning, Pennsylvania had religious liberty, a council and assembly elected by the people to make the laws, trial by jury, and a penal system designed to reform, not merely to punish, the evil doer. Whereas in England at that time there were more than two hundred capital offenses, in Pennsylvania a man could be condemned to death for only two crimes: murder and treason.”
Penn’s advice to his children and wife upon leaving for America, not knowing whether he would live through the journey to see them again: “Love not money nor the world; use them only and they will serve you; but if you love them, you serve them…Be gentle and humble in your conversation….In making friends consider well first; and when you are fixed be true….Watch against anger, neither speak nor act in it; for like drunkenness it makes a man a beast and throws people into desperate inconveniences….Finally my children, love one another….So farewell to my thrice dearly beloved wife and children! Yours, as God pleaseth, in that which no waters can quench, no time forget, no distance wear away, but remains forever, William Penn.”
Words from his treaty talks with the Native Americans: “I will not do as the Marylanders did, that is, call you children or brothers only; for parents are apt to whip their children too severely, and brothers sometimes will differ; neither will I compare the friendship between us to a chain, for the rain may rust it or a tree may fall and break it, but I will consider you as the same flesh and blood with the Christians, and the same as if one man’s body were to be divided into two parts.”
A friend’s description of Penn: “he was learned without vanity; apt without forwardness; facetious in conversation yet weighty and serious—of an extraordinary greatness of mind, yet void of the stain of ambition; as free from rigid gravity as he was clear of unseemly levity; a man, a scholar, a friend; a minister surpassing in speculative endowments, whose memorial will be value by the wise and blessed with the just.”
Read information about the authorElizabeth Gray Vining began her distinguished writing career with children's books because she said "they enjoy their books so much, read and re-read them—which is satisfying to a hard-working author." Later she began to write for adults as well, and they, too, read and re-read her books. among the most popular of these books are Windows for the Crown Prince, The Virginia Exiles, Friend of Life, Take Heed of Loving Me, and Flora.
—From the back of "Return To Japan"
Elizabeth Janet Gray, also known as Elizabeth Gray Vining, was a prominent Quaker, known for having gone to Japan after World War II to tutor Emperor Akihito of Japan in English while he was the Crown Prince. She was a graduate of Bryn Mawr College, and a noted author of children's and adult literature. She won the Newbery Award for Adam of the Road, published in 1942.
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